In Dharamshala Test match, India has found their first Chinaman bowler in the form of Kuldeep Yadav. Kuldeep is the second Chinaman bowler of Asia. Before these, Lakshan Sandakan from Sri Lanka made his debut against Australia in July 2016. Let’s explore that from where the word ‘Chinaman’ came. The term Chinaman was first introduced in the year 1930. Ellis Achong of the West Indies is considered as the first Chinaman bowler. Ellis Achong, originally from China, was a left-handed spinner. In Manchester against England in 1933, one of his balls to Walter Robbins surprised everyone. Alice threw the ball from the wrist, which went through to the right-hand batsman’s off-stump. Robbins told the umpire after returning to the pavilion after this astonishing delivery, “Bloody Chinaman did a fantastic job.” The word Chinaman became popular with this, and afterwards, he was known as Chinaman. After that, a definition came that when a left arm spinner rotates the ball from the wrist instead of his fingers, then he is called a Chinaman bowler. Below are the names of some Chinaman bowlers that the world has seen:
Sir Garfield Sobers
He is one of the greatest all-rounders of West Indies. Sobers used to bowl slow balls with left hand. He used to deliver googly and Chinaman variations from his wrists with an ease that flutters most of the batsman. He also successfully used it on India’s tour.
If England’s bowler Johnny Wardle would have been a little bit of lucky, then he would have been named among the best bowlers in the world. Wardle played only 25 Tests. Wardle used to do the same as the traditional left-handed bowling lock, and then the Chinaman was present in the form of a weapon. He used to use it, especially in England. Wardle had used the Chinaman in the 1956-57 South Africa tour. He took 26 wickets in 4 Tests.
India’s first Chinaman bowler Kuldeep Yadav is from Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. A slow left chinaman bowler, he played for India under-19 cricket team in the 2014 ICC under-19 cricket world cup, where he took a hat-trick against Scotland.
He was a member of the Mumbai Indians squad in 2012 and signed up by the Kolkata Knight Riders in 2014 whom he represented at the 2014 Champions League Twenty-20.
He was selected in Indian cricket team to play against West Indies in October 2014 but did not appear in any of the matches.
In the cricket world, Paul Adams is known for his bowling action. He has different type of action as compared to other chinaman bowlers. Paul surprised everyone with his action in 1995-96. But due to injury, his career did not get long. Paul Adams got 134 wickets in 45 Tests and 29 wickets in 24 one-dayers.
Australia’s Fleetwood-Smith is also remembered among the Chinaman bowlers. He took 42 wickets in 10 Tests between 1935-38. Fleetwood-Smith had played a significant role in the 1937 Ashes series. He gave the team of Don Bradman a 3-2 win over the team in the series after 0-2.
Brad Hogg of Australia is called the most successful Chinaman Bowler. He was a prominent member of the 2003 and 2007 World Cup winning team. Understanding the bowling of Hogg is quite difficult for the batsman, and despite being 45 years old, he is showing his incredible performance in T20 competitions.